Uric acid is a by-product created when the body performs the chemical process of breaking down purines. Purines are found in many foods and beverages, and it is also a naturally-occurring substance found in the DNA. It is a natural by-product of the body, but like any other substance, too much uric acid can be dangerous to an individual’s health.
Excessive uric acid in the blood is called hyperuricemia. Meanwhile, the excessive uric acid in the urine is called hyperuricosuria. In the blood, excessive amounts of uric acid can cause different forms of diseases. Gout is the most common of these, which is characterized by the formation of uric acid crystals that settle on the joint, causing joint pain, inflammation, and infection. This disease usually affects the big toe. Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is also caused by excessive uric acid in the blood. Some of its symptoms may be similar to gout. Diabetes as well as cardiovascular problems may also be caused by excessive uric acid in the body. Uric acid stones may also develop and settle in the kidneys, and these are one of th most common forms of kidney stones. Putting it simply, high uric acid level is never good for the human body. That is why it is important for an individual to prevent the elevation of uric acid levels in the body, and the most effective method of doing this is by uric acid reduction.
To reduce uric acid, one should be mindful of what he eats. There are a lot of foods that have purines, the substances where uric acid comes from. Purine-rich foods need to be avoided, and some of these include yeast, pork, lamb, shrimps, anchovies, hearts, mussels, sardines, livers, kidneys, sweet breads, mushrooms, spinach, cauliflower, dried beans, peas, asparagus, turkey, goose, chicken, oatmeal, bacon, liquors, and soft drinks. It can be observed that foods high in proteins are mostly high in purines as well. Therefore, a purine-free diet consists mostly of carbohydrates and fibrous foods.
Some of the foods which are beneficial for lowering uric acid are potatoes, avocadoes, dried peaches, oranges, apples, bananas, milk, yogurt, yams, tofu, berries, tea, celery, parsley, cabbages, and tomatoes. Other foods low in protein and purine include eating foods such as eggs, salmon, butter, cheese, corn, gelatin, peanut butter, cherries, pasta, rice, whole wheat breads, and cereals.
Regular intake of foods rich in vitamin C can also prove to be beneficial in reducing uric acid levels. These include citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, limes, and pineapples. Fatty acids found in herbs and organic substances like olive oil and flax nuts are also good for keeping the body at a normal acidity rate.
Of course, water is a very effective acid neutralizer because it is alkaline in nature. It can dilute acidic substances, and drinking adequate amounts of water daily can be very helpful in reducing the levels of uric acid in the body. Not only that, the kidneys will also be cleansed by the water, and other metabolic processes will be aided by the abundant supply of water in the body.
There are also medications for reducing uric acid levels like allopurinol and potassium citrate. Taking calcium supplements may also help since lack of calcium is one reason for the formation of excessive uric acid.
It is difficult to know whether you have low or high uric acid levels, since it is unlikely for a healthy person to undergo blood or urine tests frequently. Nonetheless, it is important for you to be aware of your health. In the event that you experience unusual changes in your body, as well as unexplainable pains, you should immediately consult a medical professional so that your disorder may be diagnosed and you may receive the proper treatment that you need.