Sinus Infection Signs and Symptoms

Sinus Infection in the medical terms is also called rhinosinusitis. This Sinus Infection or commonly referred to as Sinusitis, is caused by the inflammation and infection of the mucous membranes of the nose. Paranasal sinuses, which are the surroundings of the nasal cavity, are contiguous and subject to the same conditions. These Paranasal sinuses are air-filled expansions of the respiratory part of the nasal cavities. The sinuses which are named for the bones in which they are found, are connected by tense and narrow openings or medically coined as ostia. The mucosal lining of the paranasal sinuses, like that of the nasal passages, has numerous cilia (hair-like structures) which aids the movement of fluid and microorganisms out of the sinuses and into the nasal cavity. In much simpler terms, Sinusitis refers to the irritation of the sinuses that transpires with the accompaniment of a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection.

For the most part, the common causes of a Sinus Infection are circumstances that barricade the tapered openings of the nasal pathway that drain the sinuses. Polyps of the nose also can be an obstruction to the sinus opening and ease sinus infection. Changes in barometric pressure or scientifically called Barotrauma, which happens in airline pilots and flight attendants, may lead to weakened sinus ventilation and clearance of secretions. Swimming, diving and abuse of nasal decongestants are other causes of sinus irritations and weakened drainage.

Here are some other factors that predisposes a person to have a Sinus infection: presence of Cystic Fibrosis, a lung problem; diseases that prevent the cilia which are structures that are hair like from working properly such as Katagener Syndrome and Immotile Cilia Syndrome, Large Adenoids, Smoking, rare tooth infections, and lastly, undermined immune system from HIV or chemotherapy.

There are classifications of a Sinus Infection and these are acute, subacute, or constant. Acute Sinus Infection may be of viral, bacterial, or mixed viral-bacterial origin and may last from five to seven weeks in the cases of acute bacterial form. For Subacute, symptoms last about four to twelve weeks and for constant infection, symptoms last three months or longer.

The symptoms of the acute kind regularly are complicated to distinguish from those of the ordinary cold and allergic rhinitis. They include facial pain, headache, purulent nasal discharge, decreased sense of smell, and presence of fever. The symptoms of acute viral infection usually dogged within five to seven days without medical treatment. Acute bacterial infection is recommended by symptoms that exacerbates after five to seven days or persist further than ten days, or symptoms that are out of proportion to those typically connected with a viral upper respiratory tract infection.

In individuals with constant sinus infection, the symptoms may be nasal obstruction, a sense of fullness in the ears, dripping of fluids from the nose, hoarseness, and constant cough, loss of taste and smell, or unpleasant breath. Sinus pain often is absent; instead, the person may complain of a headache that is dull and constant. Persons with constant sinus infection may have superimposed bouts of acute infection.

Management of sinus infection consists of suitable therapy using antibiotics. The length of the antibiotic therapy is longer for the constant type than the acute one. Also, aside from antibiotic therapy, the management of the acute type comprises of methods to prop up ample drainage by reducing congestion of the nasal passage. Decongestants, may it be oral or topical, may be utilized for this reason.

For the avoidance of this kind of infection, it is advised to just eat plenty of fruits and vegetables which are rich in antioxidants and other phytochemicals that can boost the immune system, wash hands often, avoid smoking and other pollutants, and drink plenty of fluids.