Irritable Bladder

Urination is a natural bodily activity that every living thing should perform, or else the body will not be able to dispose of its waste products properly. The major organ responsible for disposing urine is the urinary bladder, which receives the wastes processed by the kidneys and collects all the urine from the body. When the bladder becomes full, it sends signals to the brain telling the body that it needs to expel its waste. Once a person urinates, the bladder naturally contracts and the urine is passed into the urethra and out of the body.

However, there are times when the bladder is not yet full but it already sends signals to the brain telling the body that it needs to expel the waste. This condition is called irritable bladder syndrome, where a person finds himself in a very uncomfortable position of needing to urinate regardless of the little amount of urine present in the bladder. What’s worse about the medical problem is that not only is the person urged to urinate often and in undesirable situations, but the bladder may also involuntarily contract, causing the urine to leak even if the individual isn’t in the comfort room. This is very embarrassing and uncomfortable, and anyone would want to find a cure for the problem.

There are several causes of bladder irritability, and most of them are other medical problems concerning the bladder or the urinary tract. Some of these include bladder cancer, bladder inflammation, bladder outlet obstruction, bladder stones, urinary tract infections, neurological diseases, and neurological injuries.

Irritable bladder syndrome also produces other medical problems like nocturia or the frequent urination at night, incontinence or the need to urinate frequently, and may even cause mental problems like depression because of the negative changes that it brings to the individual’s health.

There are many medical treatments that are used to cure bladder irritability. Some of them may not really help especially if the cause is a serious disease like bladder cancer, but they can at least reduce the frequent and uncontrollable urination caused by the disorder. Bladder training is one of the ways which you can use to help yourself cope with irritable bladder. This is an exercise to be able to increase the amount of urine that your bladder can hold.

Medications are also available for treating this problem. Anticholinergics which include oxybutynin, tolterodine, trospium chloride, propiverine, and solifenacin work by relaxing the bladder and preventing it from contracting easily, so that it doesn’t contract if it isn’t full yet. The intake of the medication depends on how effective it is. If the drugs take effect and show positive results after a month, you might be advised to take it for six more months and afterwards, gradually reducing the intake to observe if the problem will recur.

There are also surgical procedures that can be performed in order to cure the irritable bladder. Sacral nerve stimulation makes use of an implant that is inserted into the bladder to make it contract more evenly and normally. Augmentation cystoplasty is performed by taking a small tissue from the intestine and is added to the wall of the bladder to make it bigger. Sometimes, people who undergo this procedure might need to have a catheter inserted in the urinary bladder in order to be able to empty it.

Urinary diversion is performed by diverting the ureter directly outside the body so that urine does not need to enter the bladder anymore. This is a very serious procedure and is only done to people who have very untreatable irritable kidney problems.

Having an irritable bladder is very frustrating, and a lot of other problems may arise from it. So if you ever experience the symptoms of this disorder, visit your doctor immediately.