How to Take Blood Pressure Manually

Blood pressure is a very important aspect of human health that people should always monitor, especially if they already have a history of blood pressure problems such as hypertension and hypotension. Technology has provided people an easier and a much better way of measuring the blood pressure and this is done by using digital blood pressure monitors. These devices are very good and easy to use because they can make accurate readings and they are also very affordable so a lot of people are able to buy them and use them for quick blood pressure readings. However, there are times when the traditional method of reading blood pressure is needed to create completely accurate blood pressure readings. Since using a sphygmomanometer is a more accurate way of reading blood pressure, hospitals and medical professionals prefer this method of measurement.

Sometimes, it is also beneficial for a person to use a manual blood pressure meter or a sphygmomanometer in measuring blood pressure. But if you’re a first time user of this measuring device, then you should know how to take blood pressure manually. The first thing you need to know is the basic information in blood pressure measurements.

Blood pressure is measured as a fraction, with the number above higher than the number below. The number above is called systolic measurement, and it is the measurement of the pressure of the blood flow as it is pumped by the heart under strenuous conditions. The number below is called diastolic measurement, and this is the pressure of the blood flow as the heart pumps in natural or relaxed conditions. When you measure an individual’s blood pressure right after running or doing a strenuous activity, the measurement of the blood pressure can be quite high. But if the measurement of the blood pressure is done in normal conditions, the measurement can be more accurate and general. That means when measuring blood pressure, you should also consider the condition of the individual.

The next thing you need to do is prepare the materials. You should have a sphygmomanometer and a stethoscope. The sphygmomanometer has a cuff which you need to wrap on the individual’s upper arm just above the division of the fore and upper arm. Place the stethoscope on the vein in the arm just above the joint so you can listen to the blood flow. Have the meter in hand or clearly visible for you to easily see the measurement.

Use the pump to inflate the arm cuff. Keep pumping until you can no longer hear the blood flow. You can pump up to a measure of 150 or 20 to 30 measures more than when you can no longer hear the blood flow. Once you have achieved the complete blockage of the artery on the arm, you can now release the pumped air very slowly. You need to carefully listen to the turbulent sound of the blood. The measure on the valve where you first hear the loud pump of blood is the systolic pressure. Continue deflating the cuff until you can no longer hear blood flow. The measure when you completely fail to hear blood flow is the diastolic measure.

Jot down the measurement in a form of a fraction with the systolic number above the diastolic number. If you have a blood pressure condition, you might need to measure your blood pressure periodically, like every 6 hours or so. But if you are just making measurements for reference, you can measure whenever you feel the need to. Always remember that knowing your blood pressure is a very important method for keeping your health always safe and well-maintained.