How to Look After Your Vegetable Garden

fruit and vegetable gardeningToday we conclude our growing vegetables guide and I tell you exactly how to care for your garden.

Why a Greenhouse?

For all of the plants that you grow in your greenhouse, you should begin them in either seed trays or little pots so that they have a chance to become established in the relative safe and warmth of your greenhouse. These plants wouldn’t do very well if you just put them straight into the ground. Once they become established and have root systems and are budding, they can then be transferred into a grow bag or into the ground. If you don’t have a greenhouse and still want to grow these sorts of plants, tomatoes and peppers will still do relatively well on your windowsill.

Sunny or Shady?

Certain plants will do well in the shade, like currant bushes, whereas others will flourish much better in the sun. You’ll be given a small guide on the back of every packet of seeds, and if you’re still unsure, take a look online. It also really depends on your garden location – if it’s in the shade permanently, you should probably steer clear of plants that need lots of sun to grow, because you’ll never have a fulfilling crop.

How to Prevent Pests

There are literally hundreds of garden pests that could attack your garden, searching for food and nibbles. You need to protect your plants as best as you can – so with greenhouses, keep them well ventilated, but make sure there is no room for pests or bugs to get in. Outdoors, protect vulnerable plants with cloches or horticultural fleece. If you can’t find that, old net curtains work just as well.

Weeds are a big problem in many gardens and how you treat them depends on what sort of garden you’re growing. If you’re an organic gardener, your only option is to dig out the weeds every time they appear. This is time-consuming and takes longer than killing the weeds, but it does work. For non-organic gardeners, a good weed killer aimed at the weeds should do the job, but in some cases you may have to apply the weed killer more than once.

Storing your vegetables in sacks with soil is an excellent way to keep them, but you need to keep a regular eye on them. Rot can set in, and you do need to remove the rot to prevent it spreading to the rest of your vegetables.

You can also use slug pellets to kill slugs, or salt to dry them out. Just keep raking over and you should get rid of them – some gardeners recommend you putting down tiles or pieces of tiles as the slugs will attach themselves to these tiles. Simply pick them up and throw them away when you come to get rid of them. Eggshells around the border of plants are also thought to keep slugs out.

Pruning and Thinning Out

It’s really important to keep on top of your plants. You may have planted 20 carrot seeds, for example, and you notice that they all seed. As they begin to grow larger and larger, you need to actually remove some of the carrots. Their root systems will grow and grow, and if there are too many plants all in one area, their roots systems will interfere with each other, forcing each other out of the way. Thinning out means to remove some of the carrots (or any other veg), which will then allow the remaining carrots to flourish. Pruning is to remove branches and leaves on things like apple trees or strawberry plants. This will make the plant stronger the next year and it will also allow the energy to go straight to the fruit, rather than to the leaves, giving you a plant that will bear fruit year after year.

Digging Over

It’s important that you keep digging your garden. Digging over helps the water to be distributed thoroughly through the soil, and it also helps with fertilization and getting rid of weeds.

If you have any further questions, take a look at www.gardenersclick.com for more information.