Exploring the Causes of Inflamed Joints

It is a fact that by knowing the causes of inflamed joints could very well help in managing and treating joint inflammation. All around the world, millions of people suffer from an inflamed joint because of poor prevention and proper care. It is usually a disorder of the older age group but it could occur to anyone. Depending on the causative factor, inflamed joints could manifest with different signs and symptoms. Therefore, it is vital to identify these causes to accurately know the course of action to be taken.

What are Joints?

Joint is part of the musculoskeletal system and is the location of where two bones meet. Joint allows movement and provides support for the entire body. Joints could be classified according to the range of movement they allow and the type of structure they are comprised with.

What is an Inflammation?

Inflammation is the built-in natural defense mechanism of our body to fight off invading foreign particles, viruses, bacteria and other harmful elements. It could be initiated by the many causes of Inflamed Joints. When a triggering factor is detected, chemical mediators such as histamine, prostaglandin, and leukotrienes are released in the blood stream to commence a chemical reaction. Some of these chemicals would cause fluids to escape from the blood vessels resulting to edema or swelling. The increased blood supply in the area will cause redness and warmth to be felt. One of the key players in inflammation is the white blood cell that suppresses the invading toxic substances. In general, joint inflammation will manifest as heat, redness, swelling, tenderness and loss of function.

Inflammation could also result to an exaggerated immune response of the body even if there are no triggering factors. It is believed that this happens because of abnormality in the genetic make-up of an individual.

What are the Causes of Inflamed Joints?

There are a lot of causes of inflamed joints. This could be recognized by undergoing various laboratory tests, diagnostic procedures and physical examination. Causes could be either external or internal in origin or a combination of both. External factors may include trauma and invasion of microorganisms such as viruses and bacteria. On the other hand, internal factors may include genetics, age, and gender.

Diseases that Involves Inflamed Joints

The medical term for inflamed joints is arthritis. Arthritis has many types depending upon its causes and manifestations. Oftentimes, the type of arthritis could be well established after a thorough evaluation of a professional healthcare provider. The following are the different type of arthritis.

  • Osteoarthritis – this the most common type of arthritis affecting millions of people all around the world. It is a degenerative disease which usually occurs among male aging around 65 years old.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – this is an autoimmune disease where the body attacks itself. It could affect almost all parts of the body but it usually attacks the synovial joints or those joint that are highly movable. Women are affected more often than men.
  • Psoriatic arthritis – this could happen as a complication of psoriasis, a chronic skin disorder. Its signs and symptoms closely resemble other type of arthritis and only special diagnostic procedures could accurately diagnose it.
  • Septic arthritis – this is caused by infection that occurs in the joint. Its pathologic process could develop rapidly and is considered a medical emergency. If left untreated, it could devastate a joint in a matter of days.
  • Gouty arthritis – is primarily caused by an accumulation of uric acid in the blood that eventually deposited in the joints. When this happens, the affected area would respond by a series of inflammation that manifests as redness, tenderness, warmth, and swelling. The toes, specifically the big toe, are usually affected.

You will never be the same without your amazing joints. It allows you to sit, walk, run and write.  Virtually all your physical movements involve the function of your joints. This is the very reason that we should try to identify causes of inflamed joints and avoid them whenever possible. Prevention is always better than treatment. So take care of your health and increase your chances of winning over arthritis.