Many diseases can cause different other complications and medical problems, and oftentimes these complications are even worse than the underlying cause. This is called sequelae, or the occurrence of another health problem as a result of an original medical disorder. Some sequelae can be very dangerous, and even cause other sequelae.
One form of sequela is erosive esophagitis, or simply esophagitis. This is a medical problem which occurs in the throat, particularly in the esophagus. Esophagitis is characterized by the inflammation or swelling of the esophagus as a result of damaging incidences or factors that can cause irritation to the esophageal tissues. This may take a while to occur, as the esophagus has a protective lining similar to that of the stomach since it is included in the gastrointestinal tract. That is why esophagitis can only happen if the individual neglected the possible causes of the problem. In order to prevent the esophageal problem, the possible precursors should first be discovered.
The first and most possible cause of esophagitis is Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD. Simply called acid reflux, GERD is characterized by rise of the stomach acids from the stomach to the esophagus, often causing heartburn and regurgitation. When heartburn occurs, that is also the moment when the acids are severely damaging the esophageal tissues. Stomach acids, especially hydrochloric acid, can cause the burning and abrasion of the esophagus, and when the protective lining of the organ has completely been worn away by frequent acid attacks, the inflammation starts and therefore results to esophagitis.
To cure GERD, or get rid of heartburn, there are medications that can be taken, as well as different lifestyle and diet alterations to prevent the production of excessive stomach acids. Surgical procedures can also be performed to prevent the acids from rising up the esophagus. Until GERD is cured, esophagitis will be very difficult to treat since GERD is the primary cause of the disease.
Vomiting is also a cause of esophagitis, but this is not necessarily always caused by GERD. People who have medical problems related with vomiting can also develop the disease such as bulimia, typhoid fever, and the like. Likewise, forcibly inducing vomiting or regurgitation can also result to this disorder. People who have these problems should receive the appropriate treatment in order to cure esophagitis. Otherwise, the problem will only get worse.
Medications like pills and tablets stuck in the throat can also burn the esophagus because of the chemicals that they contain. If you are taking medicines, be sure that you drink at least half a glass of water to completely wash down the drugs. When you feel that the drug is stuck in your throat, drink more water and make several swallowing movements to completely push the pill down the throat. Bacterial and viral infections can also cause the inflammation of the esophagus. Chemicals and radiation therapy in the throat are also some of the possible causes of esophagitis.
If you experience any of the symptoms of esophagitis such as difficulty in swallowing, burning sensation in the throat, bleeding in the vomit or stool, and lumpiness in the throat, you should immediately perform some coping methods to prevent the worsening of the condition, at least until you visit a doctor and receive appropriate treatment for your problem. Do not eat acidic foods, spicy foods, nuts, raw vegetables, carbonated drinks, alcohol, and avoid smoking. Eat in small amounts, and have a soft diet if necessary to relieve any esophageal pains. Always chew your food properly so that when you swallow them, they will be soft and prevent pains due to friction. Drink your beverages through a straw so that the amount gulped is controlled.
When you find yourself possibly suffering from esophagitis, immediately consult a medical professional so that you will receive the appropriate treatments that you need.