Diverticulosis Symptoms

There are a lot of diseases that people don’t understand very well. Many of these diseases have a medical name that’s not very easy to pronounce. One of these diseases is diverticulitis, also known as diverticulosis. Some people may call it diviculitis, diverculitis, diverculosis, and other close terms. But diverticulitis is easy enough to remember especially if you’re suffering from it.

What is diverticulitis?

Diverticulitis and diverticulosis are different from each other, but they are very closely related. Diverticulosis is a less alarming condition which is characterized by the appearance of bulging sacs in the colon. The sigmoid colon is the most common area where this occurs. This happens when the pressure inside the colon causes the walls of the intestine to be pushed out. Usually, this is caused by the presence of large bowels in the colon. The large bowels are very difficult for the colon to push out. The contracting pressure exerted by the colon cause the colonic walls to take the shape of the large bowels and this creates a pocket-like disfiguration on the walls. These bulging pockets are not painful and most people do not experience any symptoms even with this kind of disorder. However, there may come a time when the diverticula or the pocket-like bulges rupture and get infected. When the diverticula become infected, this creates a severe inflammation in the colon and this is what you call diverticulitis.

What are the symptoms of diverticulitis?

Since the condition involves the rupture of the sigmoid colon, the symptoms of diverticulitis can be extremely painful. These include one or more of the following:

  • Extreme pain in the lower left part of the abdomen
  • Diarrhea or loose bowel movement
  • Constipation or difficulty in passing bowels
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Tenderness of the abdomen
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Bloating
  • In very serious cases, bleeding of the rectum

How serious can diverticulitis become?

Diverticulitis involves the rupture and infection of the colon, so it can be seen as a very serious problem. If the condition remains untreated, many complications may take place including the formation of pus and the collection of an abscess in the pelvic region, a widespread infection in the abdominal cavity, and severe bleeding. Some people may even experience a drop in blood pressure if the bleeding in the intestine is not stopped.

How do you treat diverticulitis?

Most of the time, antibiotics will solve the problem as long as it isn’t very severe yet. The infection just needs to be eliminated and the problem can be corrected. However, if there is a very serious problem and it cannot be treated by the use of antibiotics, more drastic treatment options such as surgery and blood transfusion may be required.

How do you prevent diverticulitis?

In order to be able to prevent diverticulitis, the root problem should be prevented as well, which is diverticulosis. Since diverticulitis only happens if an individual already has diverticulosis, it’ best that a person remain free from diverticular problems so that he will not become a potential candidate of diverticular disease complications such as diverticulitis. The most important key in preventing diverticulosis is by eating a diet high in fiber and water intake. Eat a lot of fruits, vegetables, whole wheat foods, cereals, and grains. These are the best sources of fiber that can be included in the natural diet. You should also drink 8-12 glasses of water a day because water keeps the passage of bowel through the rectum much easier, eliminating the need to exert force in passing bowels. A healthy diet is always the key to preventing any diseases.