Diuretics for High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is a problem that affects many people around the world. It is a dangerous disease that can cause many serious health problems, and even death. When a person suffers from high blood or hypertension, his heart is in great risk of cardiovascular diseases, and the overall health is compromised. The individual becomes fearful for his health, and he needs to maintain a healthy lifestyle in order to prevent the attack of hypertension.

Once you have high blood pressure, you can no longer escape it. Anytime and anywhere, if you become careless with your diet and lifestyle, a spell of hypertension can attack. But there are a lot of solutions to manage hypertension in order to prevent its attacks. Some of these are medications, lifestyle changes, and dietary alterations.

Medications come in various forms, and one of them is what you call the water pill. Water pills, or diuretics, are drugs that induce frequent urination to individuals who take them. For high blood pressure, diuretics help eliminate sodium in the blood and urine, which is a known cause of hypertension in many people. Also, eliminating a lot of fluids in the body will help the heart pump easier because of the lesser volume of blood and fluids that it needs to pump. Diuretics basically reduce the amount of fluids and salt in the body to regulate blood circulation and lower blood pressure.

Although it is a widely used form of drug in treating hypertension, there is only one type of diuretic that is used for treating high blood pressure, and this is the group of thiazide diuretics. Thiazide diuretic drugs are used for other diseases but they are more known as hypertension medications, while other diuretics like loop diuretics and potassium-sparing diuretics are used mostly for heart disorders and other diseases.

The use of diuretics for a long period of time can cause many side effects. These include frequent urination, since diuretics are actually for that purpose. Experiencing such side effect indicates that the drug is working inside the body. Arrhythmia or abnormal heart rhythm can also be present in people taking diuretics. Fatigue, weakness, cramps, lightheadedness, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, loss of appetite, blurred vision, headache, perspiration, restlessness, dehydration, fever, sore throat, tinnitus or the ringing of the ears, weight loss, and skin allergies are other side effects that may be brought about by diuretics.

There are also some contraindications for diuretics. People with renal diseases as well as pregnant women should not take such drugs. Also, individuals who are hypersensitive to diuretics are not advised to take them. Because these are prescription medications, you need to visit a doctor first before taking these drugs, and many tests will first be performed before they can be administered. It is also a doctor’s advice to take potassium supplements and complete potassium intake during the treatment period, since thiazide diuretics can eliminate electrolytes and potassium in the body.

Along with diuretics, people with hypertension are advised to follow a high blood pressure diet and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Likewise, people are not supposed to depend on medications alone. The truth is, you can correct almost any non-genetic disorder by living healthy and eating properly. As for hypertension, you should avoid foods high in sodium, fat, oil, and cholesterol. Eat foods rich in fiber and essential nutrients, exercise regularly, and keep the body and mind relaxed. If you do this, the effect of diuretics will definitely take effect more quickly.

Hypertension is definitely an undesirable disorder, and no one wants to suffer this health problem for the rest of his life. So if you’re not suffering from it yet, start preventing it now by living and eating healthy. That way, you won’t have to worry about hypertension in the future.