Diagnosing Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are tricky little foreign invaders that can bring about intense pain and suffering to an individual’s health. But before all that pain and suffering, these stones slowly accumulate first in their original form and come together, gradually solidify, and eventually become hard particles that are then called stones. The process of forming stones may take several years, and during that time, a person may not be able to feel anything – no symptoms whatsoever. In fact, even if the stones are already present in the kidneys, they may not cause any harm to the body. As long as they remain in the kidneys, the stones may not really be painful.

But these stones can’t remain in the kidneys. Eventually, one large stone will travel from the kidney to the ureter, block the urinary passage, cause excruciating pain in the lower back together with bleeding and pus formation in the urine. All the symptoms of kidney stone formation are present once the stone has entered the ureter. But does it really have to reach that point? Isn’t there a way for diagnosing kidney stones without having to endure the pain of passing a stone?

There is, but it’s very random. An individual might be found with kidney stones through an ultrasound or an x-ray, but these might not be done too frequently, and it would be a fortune to have to undergo one of these tests and find the stones before any symptoms occur. This is highly unlikely, unless you have a medical examination every year or so. But they are still effective methods to diagnose not only stones in the kidneys, but also other medical problems.

Most of the time, kidney stones are diagnosed after the appearance of their symptoms. These include bleeding in the urine, pus in the urine, pain in the lower back extending to the lower abdomen until the groin, fever, chills, nausea, and burning sensation when urinating. When these signs appear in an individual, there are various tests that can be done to completely detect the stones in the kidneys.

The basic test to assess a person’s possibility to have kidney stones is to trace the individual’s diet and lifestyle history, as well as family history. If the person has been eating a lot of salty foods, animal meat, shellfish, spinach, dark green leafy vegetables, along with the lack of water, fluid intake, exercise, and citrus fruits, he may be positively diagnosed with stones. Family history also presents a possible cause of having stones in the kidneys.

After interrogating the patient, a doctor might subject the patient to a physical examination to detect any other medical problems and past history of stones like surgery scars. Laboratory examinations such as urinalysis and blood tests are also performed to detect if there are high levels of calcium, electrolytes, uric acid, and other possible stone-forming substances in these bodily fluids.

Other tests like ultrasound and x-ray are also used to complete the diagnosis and find out the size of the stones, how many there are, and in which kidneys they are. Usually, very large stones and a disturbingly big number of stones in the kidneys might immediately need clinical treatment or surgical procedures.

There are many home remedies for kidney stones, and you can easily do all them if you really want to help yourself regarding your kidney stone problems. Drinking water and orange juice are just some of the most effective ways of flushing out those insufferable stones and cleansing your kidneys. Avoiding the foods that can cause the formation of stones is also a must if you really want to be cured.

It’s not difficult to prevent kidney stones, and it would be a hundred times better than having to be cured from them. But you have to be disciplined and know what you should and shouldn’t do in order to keep not only your kidneys, but your entire body healthy as well.