Diabetic Diet Guidelines

In general, there is no single diet for diabetic patients. What is essential is that a patient with diabetes should meet up with a dietitian so that together they can come up with an individualized menu using the general guidelines and in consideration of his or her health requirements. Therefore, a Type 2 diabetic patient who is on the heavy side and is resistant to insulin will be given a carbohydrate-protein diet compared to a patient suffering from Type 1 diabetes, who is thin and is vulnerable to kidney malfunction.

The goal is to let the patients eat healthy foods and making sure that their blood sugar is kept in control. Diabetic diet guidelines have the following recommendations. The kind and amount of carbohydrates is really important. A patient will have to eat vegetables, beans, whole grains and fruits high in fiber. He or she should be able to track his or her daily carbohydrate intake by using carbohydrate counter or a meal planning list.

Another consideration is the intake of fats which should be about 25% to 35% of every day calories. Monounsaturated fats found in peanuts, avocados, olive and canola oils; polyunsaturated fats which you can get from fish, walnuts and flaxseed oil are the best. Limit the use of saturated fat found in red meats and butter. It should be less than 10% of your daily calories. Non-fat or low-fat dairy products are better over whole milk produce. Trans-fats which are present in snack foods, commercially-sold baked goodies and fried food should also be restricted.
The ultimate goal in a diabetic diet plan is to attain almost normal level of blood glucose. Diabetic persons who are under oral medication or who are currently on insulin treatment should ensure that they synchronize their calorie intake along with their medicines or insulin, physical activities to manage their blood sugar count. With the new forms of insulin introduced lately, a patient will have more flexibility in timing his or her meals. Another aim is to protect a patient’s heart and target healthy lipid points and manage blood pressure.

It is also vital that one keeps his or her weight down. An obese Type 2 diabetic patient who is not under medication should go for a diet that will take control of his or her weight and sugar. A normal weight is one that is doable and can be sustained. Since diabetic patients are helpless against other medical conditions like heart and kidney ailments, they should take care not to complicate matters for the sake of their health.

In monitoring and controlling blood sugar for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetic patients, the following are consulted: Diabetic Exchange Lists to make certain that a balance of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins are followed; Glycemic Index to keep track of which food rich in carbohydrates have an influence on blood sugar levels; and the Carbohydrate Counting to monitor the amount of carbohydrates in grams are taken on a daily basis.

Because hypoglycemia or low blood sugar and hyperglycemia or high blood sugar are foremost concerns in patients taking insulin, the level of blood sugar should be primarily monitored and keep track of. Tests are conducted on a regular basis to look into blood levels as well as the complications that may possible arise. The tests are necessary to find out if the current dietary plans are of help to the patients and what changes have to be made. Urine tests will also be done to determine if the patient is in danger of complications in the kidneys. Stay health, watch your sugar level!