Causes of Frequent Urination

Human beings naturally urinate as it is a form of excretion of the waste products in the body. The urine consists mainly of the waste materials in the blood which have been filtered by the kidneys and sent to the urinary bladder which then contracts once it is full and sends the urine to the urethra and out of the body.

Normal urination occurs when the bladder becomes full, which is usually indicated by half a liter of urine, and it sends signals to the brain telling the body that it is time to expel the waste. The individual reacts to the brain signals and goes to the bathroom, and when he does the action to expel the urine, the bladder contracts, sends the urine to the urethra, and the urine is successfully eliminated from the body.

However, there are instances when the body is unable to control the urge to urinate or it produces excessive levels of urine. This results to the abnormal frequency of urination which can be quite disturbing and uncomfortable especially if you are a busy person and you constantly have something important to do.

The causes of frequent urination vary from person to person, and some of them may or may not be medical disorders. For instance, pregnancy is a known cause of frequent urination but it is not a disease. The increased need to urinate is caused by the pressure on the bladder caused by the growing size of the uterus where the baby lies. As the baby grows, the pressure increases, causing more frequency of urination.

UTI is another cause of frequent urination. It is the infection of the urinary tract which consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Because of the infection, the bladder finds it difficult to hold urine because discomfort is felt as the urine level increases, making a person go to the bathroom more frequently than normal.

Diabetes is the most common disease that causes frequent urination. Both diabetes types 1 and 2 can cause the abnormal increase of the need to urinate. In fact, frequent urination is one of the most known and obvious symptoms of diabetes. This is caused by the excessive thirstiness of a diabetic, as well as the need of the body to eliminate excessive glucose in its system.

Prostate problems, particularly an enlarged prostate, can cause frequent urination in men. This is because the enlarged prostate puts pressure on the bladder, causing it to contract at times when it does not really need to, and the bladder is also irritated by the pressure and the urine flow is usually damaged.

Drinking too much is a natural cause of excessive urination because of the high amount of fluids in the body. A person who is undergoing fluid therapies like water therapy, lemonade diet, and other fluid diets can easily observe higher frequencies of urination in their first days of fluid therapy.

Bladder problems like interstitial cystitis, irritable bladder syndrome, and other disorders can cause the abnormal contraction of the bladder and result to frequent urinations. These may be very disturbing and uncomfortable especially for people who are working and need to be on the ready at all times.

Nerve damages can also cause the periodic desire to urinate, perhaps because the brain fails to send the proper signals to the bladder which results to the incorrect contraction of the bladder, or maybe because the spinal column is unable to send the nerves from the bladder to the brain. This is also called neurogenic bladder.

The causes of frequent urination may not always be harmful to the health, or most of the time they are symptoms of other medical problems. Either way, as soon as you experience the unusual need to urinate often, visit your doctor immediately.