Bladder Disorders

The urinary bladder is one of the most important excretory organs of the human body. Its major responsibility is to collect urine from the kidneys through the ureter, and when the bladder is already full, it expels the urine through the urethra and out of the body. The urinary bladder has a specific amount of urine that it can hold which may vary from person to person, and once the urine in the bladder has reached its maximum volume, the bladder sends signals to the brain telling it that it needs to dispose of the bodily waste and the individual then goes to the bathroom and passes the urine from the urinary bladder to the urethra and out of the body.

The urinary bladder is naturally elastic, and its small size can carry urine several times its volume. However, there are some problems of the bladder that can alter the natural abilities of the urinary organ. Bladder disorders are numerous and very different in their effects to the body. But many of them cause urinary problems and they can be very uncomfortable to the affected individual.

One of the most common bladder disorders is UTI or urinary tract infection. This is an infection that affects the entire urinary tract which consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Whichever one of these organs, when infected, causes UTI. This may cause different symptoms like pain in the affected area, pain while urinating, burning sensation when urinating, foul smell in the urine, cloudy or yellow colored urine, and sometimes blood in the urine. It is usually treated using antibiotics.

Urinary incontinence happens when the bladder is unable to control urine, or if the kidneys produce excessive urine levels. Most of the time, incontinence is a symptom rather than a problem in itself, but it usually affects old people as a disorder. Incontinence may be caused by weakening of the bladder or excessive intake of fluids.

Interstitial cystitis is characterized by having an inflamed bladder. The bladder becomes swollen because the protective lining of the organ, also called the urothelium, is damaged. The urine fluids leak into the bladder tissues, and this causes extreme pain and irritation in the organ, causing inflammation and great discomfort. There is no actual cause of this disorder, but there are some anti-inflammatory medications and natural treatments that are used to cure the inflammation. Some medications are used to repair the urothelium and bring back the protection of the bladder tissues.

Cystocele or fallen bladder happens to women when the bladder and vagina weakens, and the bladder droops to the vagina. It causes many medical problems like incontinence, inability to empty the bladder, and uncontrollable urine leakage. Some activities that put pressure to the bladder like sneezing, coughing, and laughing, can immediately cause urine leakage in women who has this bladder disorder.

Neurogenic bladder is a bladder problem caused by neurological problems in the central nervous system. It may be because the brain fails to send proper signals to the bladder to release and contract, or the spinal column does not properly transport neurons to the brain. There are two types of neurogenic bladder: flaccid bladder and spastic bladder. A flaccid bladder fails to contract properly which cause urine to drip from the body. Spastic bladder occurs when the bladder contracts even if the contents of the organ are still little and there is really no need to urinate. Neurogenic bladder problems are caused by accidents that cause trauma to the brain or spinal cord, acute infections, alcoholism, diabetes, genetic nerve problems such as multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, heavy metal poisoning, spina bifida, spinal cord injuries, stroke, and syphilis.

These are only some of the most common bladder disorders that can affect individuals, and in the event that you experience any of these, consult your doctor immediately.