Bladder Control Medication

The urinary bladder is an organ of the body found in the middle of the pelvis, just above the groin. It is the organ responsible for the collection of urine that came from the kidneys through the ureter. The bladder is naturally elastic so that it can expand to a certain limit in order to hold a specific amount of urine. When the bladder is already full, it sends a signal to the brain which tells the body that it is time to dispose of the waste in the organ. When a person goes to urinate, the bladder naturally contracts, expelling the liquid which passes through the urethra and out of the body.

Most people know the normal functions of the bladder, and the usual urination should be dependent on the amount of fluids taken by the individual. However, there are some cases when the bladder does not perform its tasks properly. While there is a limit to the amount of urine that the bladder can collect, some people have bladders that already send signals to the brain to dispose of the urine even if the organ isn’t even half full. This medical problem is called incontinence, which is characterized by frequent urination, excessive urine production, and involuntary urine leakage.

There are a lot of causes for incontinence to affect an individual. Some of them include polyuria which is a symptom of another disease, usually different forms of diabetes and polydipsia; excessive intake of caffeine, alcohol, and carbonated drinks; enlarged prostate; and brain disorders like Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, stroke, and spinal cord injury.

Having incontinence is a very problematic situation for any individual, especially if you are working. Being unable to control your bladder, urinating too often than you should, and even leaking on your underpants are some reasons for you to get fired, fail to go to work, or stay at home permanently. You might also need to wear adult diapers if the problem is severe.

There are several medications used to treat incontinence, but most of the time the urinary problem is brought about by another medical problem. It is likely that until the underlying medical problem is resolved, the incontinence will always be present. However, bladder control medications help minimize the urgency of urination even without treating the other medical causes of the problem itself.

Anticholinergic drugs are effective in treating incontinence because of its relaxing properties which counteracts the activity of the bladder that causes it to contract. By doing so, the bladder remains elastic and does not contract at times when it does not need to. These drugs also increase the capacity of the urinary bladder, which then allows the organ to hold more urine. These drugs come in the form of tablets or capsules. There are side effects brought about by the drug which include dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, palpitation, tachycardia, and lack of sweating.

Alpha-adrenergic stimulators relax the bladder wall and constrict the sphincter muscles. Because of the changes in pressure of the bladder, urination is effectively inhibited. Some of the side effects of this drug include high blood pressure, insomnia, aggravate conditions such as diabetes, heart rhythm disturbances, heart disease, glaucoma, or enlarged prostate.

Cholinergic drugs work in the opposite way as anticholinergic drugs, but they are also used as medication for incontinence, but for a specific type. These drugs are used for people who have residual urine problems, or when a person who urinates does not completely empty the bladder, causing a quick need to urinate again. The drugs act to contract the bladder, allowing complete emptying during urination.

If you are experiencing incontinence or you’re starting your way to it, seek the advice of a medical professional immediately so you can find an appropriate and prompt treatment for your urinary problems.