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Hyperpigmentation is a very usual sign of skin aging which is why it is not so much of a problem when we are young. Dark spots will start to show on the face, arms and body. It is usually in the form of age or liver spots but there are different factors influencing this condition.
Prevention is still better than cure. The body’s exposure to the sun triggers excessive production of the pigment melanin on the skin. Our best advice is to stay out of the sun as much as possible. But if you could not avoid sun exposure, then using broad spectrum sunscreen is the best preventive treatment.
Various brands and types of hyperpigmentation treatment products are considerably present in the market. The only problem for the consumers is to know which one is best for your skin.
Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition wherein small part of the skin becomes darker in color than the adjoining areas. This is caused by the presence of too much melanin in the skin. Melanin is the pigment that determines your skin color. For people with darker skin color, they have more melanin as compared to people with lighter skin color.
UV rays from the sun wherein your skin is exposed to is the root cause of increased melanin production. Increase in amount of melanin eventually causes this pigment to be deposited in some small areas under the skin forming the so called age spots or liver spots.
Hyperpigmentation is just normally a harmless skin condition that sometimes resolves on its own. Some people do find this skin discoloration disturbing so these treatment options are at hand to provide relief.
Although a lot of people find the thought of making a big deal out of hyperpigmentation ridiculous since it is a temporary problem. Others also find this issue grave and serious because some marks which are not quite pleasing to look at may last for about two years. For swift solution to this condition, consider one of the following treatment options.
Bleaching creams can be a good treatment because they are designed to lighten discolored spots on the skin. Some creams are available over the counter (read our Meladerm review). But for better results, it should be best for your doctor to prescribe drug treatments for both reducing discoloration and prevention of hyperpigmentation.
Most often, hydroquinone is the prescribed treatment for hyperpigmentation. It is available in the USA in 2% concentrations for OTC products and in 4% concentrations in prescription products. What it does is to block tyrosinase enzyme which is essential in melanin production. It is actually just a chemical lightener usually present as an ingredient in many topical skin products to lighten freckles, age spots, discoloration and melasma.
Still, treatment is so much better when skin creams contain all natural ingredients such as Extrapone Nutgrass. Extracts from this plant can lower melanin levels by up to 40% resulting in a lighter skin without the patches and spots. It solves the root cause of the problem. Hence, there is no more possibility of hyperpigmentation happening again.
Retin-A, organic kojic acid and licorice extract have also shown potential results in removing dark spots on the skin. Research studies have found that kojic acid and glycolic acid combined resulted to having the same efficacy in treating hyperpigmentation and melasma as hydroquinone and glycolic acid combined.
These ingredients in combination with other beneficial ingredients like CoQ10, CynergyTK TM and Phytessence Wakame will get you a complete mixture that will give you a healthier skin that is smooth, clear and wrinkle free.
For mild cases of hyperpigmentation or dark spots, Microdermabrasion is recommended. It is a mini procedure in which the skin is sand-blasted by aluminum oxide crystals and other types of mild abrasives to smoothen the top layer of the skin or dead skin cells. More often, it is done on the face, chest, neck, hands and arms. It is also more affordable than cosmetic surgery and is effective on all skin types with fewer side effects.
In treating hyperpigmentation, it is important to keep in mind that the most successful treatment works in lightening visibly darkened skin cells and permanently getting rid of damaged skin cells on the surface of the skin. While all skin lightening ingredients treat dark spots, especially alpha hydroxy acids and beta hydroxy acids. They also increase the skin’s sensitivity to the sun. Therefore sunscreen with minimum of SPF 15 should be applied everyday and as much as possible sun exposure should be limited while undergoing treatment.